How is DNA measured with the fluorometer?

DNA and why fluorometry

Nucleic acids are biological molecules that fulfill essential functions in all cells and viruses, among these involves the storage and expression of genetic information. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a biomolecule that carries encoded genetic information that characterizes different living beings. It regulates the functioning of cells, controls the transmission of information, coordinates the interactions of cellular and tissue functioning, regulates the processes of reproduction and maintenance of the characteristics of each species, all this through the genetic code.

Nowadays, the study of genetic variation allows explaining patterns and evolutionary processes. In molecular biology, these studies are addressed by techniques that make it possible to analyze the variation in the DNA molecule in detail. An example of these are the PCRs (Polymerase Chain Reaction) and DNA sequencing, as are molecular markers, DNA segments with or without known functions. Molecular data have allowed us to study more accurately patterns of behavior, natural selection, biological interactions, composition, among others.

Procedure for measuring DNA with a fluorometer

  • Turn on the fluorimeter minutes before using it.
  • Prepare standard DNA solutions (100-5000 ng/ml final DNA concentration) and test sample solution (10-500 ng/ml final DNA concentration).
  • Zero the instrument: prepare a blank test using 2 ml of the test solution of a high concentration of DNA. Insert the bucket into the well, close the lid and press the appropriate key to display “0”, then remove the bucket.
  • Calibrate the instrument: deliver 2 ml of the standard DNA solution to 2 ml of test solution in the bucket and mix. Place the bucket in the well, close the lid, and press the calibration button. For a low range test enter 100, for the high range test 1000, then press โ€œenterโ€, and after the value entered is displayed, remove the bucket.
  • Reset the instrument again: empty, rinse and dry the bucket. Add 2 ml of the test solution used in step 2, insert the bucket into the well, close the lid and press the appropriate key until โ€œ0โ€ appears. After โ€œ0โ€ appears, then remove the bucket.
  • Put the mixture to evaluate in a clean and dry bowl, mix well. Place the bucket in the well, close and record the measurement.

Characteristics of the fluorometer for measuring DNA

  • Accuracy: for DNA measurement you must be able to measure 1 to 20 ฮผl of samples, even if they are diluted. You need to be able to measure anything that absorbs at 260 nm, including DNA, RNA, proteins, free nucleotides and excess salts
  • Easy and practical: you must have the right technology that facilitates the workflow, the export of data, and its handling is simple to generate reliable, sensitive and specific results.
  • Simplicity and speed of response: you should have good performance for the analysis of several samples, always providing results.
  • Economic: Costs associated with reagents and instrumentation are low, relative to other analysis techniques.

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